Astaxanthin Research

This is astaxanthin research proving exceptional antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and glutathione promoting action of astaxanthin.

For our review of this potent antioxidant visit our page What Is Astaxanthin?

  1. Review: Fassett RG, Coombes JS. Astaxanthin: a potential therapeutic agent in cardiovascular disease. Marine Drugs, 2011 Mar 21;9(3):447-65. PMID: 21556169

  2. Karppi J, Rissanen TH, Nyyssönen K, et al. Effects of astaxanthin supplementation on lipid peroxidation. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2007 Jan;77(1):3-11. PMID: 17685090

  3. Naito Y, Uchiyama K, Aoi W, et al. Prevention of diabetic nephropathy by treatment with astaxanthin in diabetic db/db mice. Biofactors. 2004;20(1):49-59. PMID: 15096660

  4. Chew BP, Park JS, Wong MW, Wong TS. A comparison of the anticancer activities of dietary beta-carotene, canthaxanthin and astaxanthin in mice in vivo. Anticancer Res. 1999 May-Jun;19(3A):1849-53. PMID: 10470126

  5. Miyazawa T, Nakagawa K, et al. Plasma carotenoid concentrations before and after supplementation with astaxanthin in middle-aged and senior subjects. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2011;75(9):1856-8. Epub 2011 Sep 7. PMID: 21897013

  6. Cort A, Ozturk N, Akpinar D, Unal M, et al. Suppressive effect of astaxanthin on retinal injury induced by elevated intraocular pressure. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2010 Oct;58(1):121-30. Epub 2010 May 8. PMID: 20457203

  7. Barros MP, Marin DP, Bolin AP, et al. Combined astaxanthin and fish oil supplementation improves glutathione-based redox balance in rat plasma and neutrophils. Chem Biol Interact. 2012 Apr 15;197(1):58-67. doi: 10.1016/j.cbi.2012.03.005. Epub 2012 Mar 21. PMID: 22465178

  8. Chan KC, Mong MC, Yin MC. Antioxidative and anti-inflammatory neuroprotective effects of astaxanthin and canthaxanthin in nerve growth factor differentiated PC12 cells. J Food Sci. 2009 Sep;74(7):H225-31. PMID: 19895474

  9. Yang Q, Zhang Z, et al. Therapeutic effect of astaxanthin on acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer in rats. Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2009 May;44(5):558-60. PMID: 19618736

  10. Kang JO, Kim SJ, Kim H. Effect of astaxanthin on the hepatotoxicity, lipid peroxidation and antioxidative enzymes in the liver of CCl4-treated rats. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2001 Mar;23(2):79-84. PMID: 11484414

  11. Lyons NM, O'Brien NM. Modulatory effects of an algal extract containing astaxanthin on UVA-irradiated cells in culture. J Dermatol Sci. 2002 Oct;30(1):73-84. PMID: 12354422

  12. Zhao W, Jing X, et al. Protective effects of astaxanthin against oxidative damage induced by 60Co gamma-ray irradiation. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2011 Sep;40(5):551-4. PMID: 22043699

  13. Nakagawa K, Kiko T, Miyazawa T, et al. Antioxidant effect of astaxanthin on phospholipid peroxidation in human erythrocytes. Br J Nutr. 2011 Jun;105(11):1563-71. Epub 2011 Jan 31. PMID: 21276280

  14. Goto S, Kogure K, Abe K, et al. Efficient radical trapping at the surface and inside the phospholipid membrane is responsible for highly potent antiperoxidative activity of the carotenoid astaxanthin. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2001 Jun 6;1512(2):251-8. PMID: 11406102

  15. McNulty H, Jacob RF, Mason RP. Biologic activity of carotenoids related to distinct membrane physicochemical interactions. Am J Cardiol. 2008 May 22;101(10A):20D-29D. PMID: 18474269

  16. McNulty HP, Byun J, Lockwood SF, Jacob RF, Mason RP. Differential effects of carotenoids on lipid peroxidation due to membrane interactions: X-ray diffraction analysis. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2007 Jan;1768(1):167-74. PMID: 17070769

  17. Earnest CP, Lupo M, White KM, Church TS. Effect of astaxanthin on cycling time trial performance. Int J Sports Med. 2011 Nov;32(11):882-8. Epub 2011 Oct 7. PMID: 21984399

  18. Yoshida H, Yanai H, Ito K, et al. Administration of natural astaxanthin increases serum HDL-cholesterol and adiponectin in subjects with mild hyperlipidemia. Atherosclerosis. 2010 Apr;209(2):520-3. Epub 2009 Oct 14. PMID: 19892350

  19. Andersen LP, Holck S, Kupcinskas L, et al Gastric inflammatory markers and interleukins in patients with functional dyspepsia treated with astaxanthin. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2007 Jul;50(2):244-8. Epub 2007 May 23. PMID: 17521392

  20. Peng CH, Chang CH, Peng RY, Chyau CC. Improved membrane transport of astaxanthine by liposomal encapsulation. Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2010 Jun;75(2):154-61. Epub 2010 Mar 11. PMID: 20226858

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